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Battle of the Plains of Abraham 1759

French and Indian War

Although the British army which was besieging the city of Quebec had around 8000 troops, the force that Major General Wolfe took onto the Plains of Abraham for the battle was around 4,500 men and 1 gun.

The Marquis de Montcalm brought to the battle a force of around 5,000 men and 3 guns.

The Quebec city fortifications during the siege of 1759 were reasonably extensive.From 1745 the landward side of the city was enclosed by extensive earthworks, and stone defences designed by Engineer Chaussegros de Lery, part of which included the Saint-Louis Gate.

The 28th Regiment of Foot, Bragge's Regiment (named after its commanding officer), was originally raised in 1694 and was known as "Sir John Gibson's Regiment."It was re-named the 28th Regiment of Foot in 1751.

The 28th Regiment arrived in Canada in 1757 and, although held in reserve, played a part in the siege and capture of Louisburg in 1758.The 28th Regiment was one of the first regiments which scaled the heights to the Plains of Abraham and helped form the main battle line against the French.

The Regiment was later nicknamed "The Old Braggs."

The 78th Highland Regiment was raised in 1757 specifically for service in North America; the Lieutenant Colonel was Simon Fraser.Initially designated the 2nd Highland Battalion, it was soon changed to the 63rd Highland Regiment of Foot, and then again re-designated as the 78th.

Since the officers continued to refer to themselves as the 63rd, there is good reason to believe that they went into battle at Quebec with LXIII still emblazoned on their colours.The regiment served with distinction at the Louisbourg Campaign and at the Siege of Quebec.

 

The Light Infantry:In 1757 in North America, British commanders introduced an experimental company, called "light troops" or "light infantry."This company was designed to meet the problems presented by the terrain and tactics of the North American wilderness.The light infantryman was the most resilient and motivated redcoat of Britain's army in North America; they were men accustomed to fighting in woods and were good marksmen.

By the end of the conflict he had surpassed even the Grenadier as the elite soldier of choice.The uniforms of the Light Infantry differed from the rest of the regiment. Changes occurred due to the experience gained campaigning in the North American forests. The traditional Highland kilt was cut down or replaced by what is known as the "philebeg" or "little kilt."The coat was stripped of the decorative lacing, and extra pockets were added.Also it became common to wear woolen or canvas leggings and moccasins, similar to what the Rangers and Indians wore.

The cumbersome broadsword was also replaced with an axe.

The 78th Light Infantry were apparently involved at Quebec in the important attempt to capture the landing place at the Foulon, where the British army landed to establish a foothold on the Plains of Abraham.

It was Townshend who names a Captain Simon Fraser as the French speaking light infantry officer who successfully bluffed the French picquet that they were French

reinforcements.

The 47th Regiment of Foot played a key role in the French and Indian War.They were under Wolfe's command at the Siege of Louisburg and were one of the key regiments in the British battle line at The Battle of The Plains of Abraham.Wolfe was so well-respected by the men of the 47th, that to commemorate the Death of Wolfe in the battle, the regiment began wearing a black line in their lace and were also given the nickname "WOLFE'S OWN."

The French:the Regiment de La Sarre was created in 1651 by the Marshal of France.The Regiment had 2 battalions, and on April 3rd 1755 the second battalion was sent with the Marquis de Montcalm for New France.

The battalion served on several campaigns during the French and Indian War and occupied the right wing at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. It was to suffer heavy casualties as well as the loss of its commander Lieutenant-Colonel Mr. de Sennezergues.

The Regiment de La Sarre is one of the slightly more colourful French regular regiments, as they had red waistcoats with blue collars and cuffs.

Although it is well documented that the British had two 6lb Battalion guns at the Battle of The Plains of Abraham, it is uncertain as to how many artillery pieces were present on the French side. An artillery officer named Montbelliard is reported to have mentioned having "detached" two guns from the left to the right and later refers to the guns on the left, which would suggest a minimum of four, although another artillery officer named Foligne says there were five. However, the British officer Townshend refers to only one.

The greatest influence on American artillery history came from the French. They were to eventually adopt the French Gribeauval artillery system that first appeared towards the end of this century.The main artillery pieces used by the French during this period were developed in the 1730's by a General Valliere. He was to standardize French gun calibers and specified set lengths, proportions and weights for each gun that beforehand had depended upon the casting foundry's discretion.The result was a series of handsome guns as well as a standardized series of models.All Valliere guns were brass, and were long and slender. Their decoration was to be functional as well as ornamental.

Each caliber usually had a different design of the breech faces, so that the gunner could recognize the size of the piece simply by a glance at the breech. The 8pdr had a monkey's head.The handles or "dolphins" used for mounting and dismounting the piece were actually sculpted as dolphins, as well as a series of decorative and informative low relief sculptures that ran from the muzzle to the breech.

These designs consisted of a scroll bearing the name of the piece itself, such as "La Brillante" or "La Mutine."Behind this was another scroll bearing the Latin motto "Ultima Ratio Regum" (The Last Argument of Kings).For many guns of the Valliere system the next scroll bore the name of Louis Auguste de Bouron, Duc de Maine, who was the grand Master of French Artillery.

Then came the Royal arms surmounted by a sunburst and the motto:"Nec Pluribus Impar" (Not Unequal to Many).This was the device and motto of Louis XIV.

There was however no uniformity in the wagons that supported the guns. The only unifying characteristics of Valliere carriages was their colour.All were painted a deep red.

 

 

Price  

Quebec Landing Barge

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Dimensions: 14 1/2"x14"x4"

Item# QBOAT-01

 

BOAT ONLY - FIGURES SOLD SEPARATELY

 

 

Boat shown with figure sets: QBOAT-02 and QBOAT-03 (x2).

 

$178 USD

 

 

 

   

Quebec Landing Barge Crew (13 pcs)

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Item# QBOAT-02 

 

All the figures needed to crew the Quebec Landing Barge

 

 $330 USD

 

 

 

   

Tillerman

Quebec Landing Barge Crew

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Item# QBOAT-02S

 

  $32 USD

 

 

 

   

Quebec Landing Barge Crew (4 pcs)

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Item# QBOAT-02D 

 

Three of these sets are needed to crew the Quebec Landing Barge.

 

 $115 USD

 

 

 

   

15th Regiment of Foot Grenadiers (12 pcs)

Quebec Landing Barge Crew

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Item# QBOAT-03

 

Two of these sets are needed to completely fill the Quebec Landing Barge.

 

 $380 USD

 

 

 

   

15th Regiment of Foot Grenadiers (4 pcs)

Quebec Landing Barge Crew

13th September 1759

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Item# QBOAT-03D

 

Six of these sets are needed to completely fill the Quebec Landing Barge. 

 

  $142 USD

 

 

 

 

ST. LOUIS GATEWAY, QUEBEC CITY

Item# QBGATE

 

 

 

 

$138 USD

 

 

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

45th Regiment of Foot Drummer

Item# QBLG-02A

 

$41 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

22nd Regiment of Foot Drummer

Item# QBLG-02B

 

 $41 USD

 

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

40th Regiment of Foot Drummer

Item# QBLG-02C

 

$41 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

45th, 22nd, and 40th Regiments of Foot Drummers

Item# QBLG-02D

 

$108 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

45th Regiment of Foot Fifer

Item# QBLG-03A

 

$41 USD

 

   

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

22nd Regiment of Foot Fifer

Item# QBLG-03B

 

$41 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

40th Regiment of Foot Fifer

Item# QBLG-03C

 

$41 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

45th, 22nd, and 40th Regiments of Foot Fifers

Item# QBLG-03D

 

$108 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

22nd Regiment of Foot Grenadiers Firing

Item# QBLG-05

 

$80 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

22nd Regiment of Foot Grenadiers Firing Set

Item# QBLG-05N

 

$138 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

45th Regiment of Foot

Item# QBLG-06

 

$80 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers - Set #1

45th Regiment of Foot

Item# QBLG-06N

 

$138 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

40th Regiment of Foot Firing

Item# QBLG-07

 

 $80 USD

 

  

Louisbourg Grenadiers

40th Regiment of Foot Firing Set

Item# QBLG-07N

 

$138 USD

 

 The British 47th Regiment of Foot

 

The Death of General Wolfe (RETIRED)

4 figures (4pcs)

Item# QB-02

 

 

 

 $184 USD

 

 

 

 

The Death of General Wolfe - Lt. Brown and Officer (RETIRED)

Item# QB-02b

 

 

 

 $68 USD

 

 

 

  

47th Regiment Line Infantry (RETIRED)

Item# QB-07

 

 $120 USD

 

  

British 47th Wounded (RETIRED)

Item# QB-08

 

$99 USD

 

 

The British 28th Regiment of Foot

 

28th Regiment of Foot 2 British Line Infantry Firing 1 (2pcs) (RETIRED)

Item# QB-20

 

 

 

 

$84 USD

 

 

 

   

28th Regiment of Foot 2 British Line Infantry Firing, Bare Heads (RETIRED)

Item# QB-21

 

$84 USD

 

 

28th Regiment of Foot 2 British Line Infantry Firing, with Full Kit (2pcs) (RETIRED)

Item# QB-22

 

 

 

 

$56 USD

 

 

 

  

28th Regiment of Foot 2 Wounded British Line Infantry Firing (2pcs)

Item# QB-24

 

 

 

 

$56 USD

 

 

 

 

28th Regiment of Foot Officer with Regimental Colours (2pcs)

Item# QB-27

 

 

 

$48 USD

 

 

 

 

Officer

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-30

 

$40 USD

 

  

Drummer

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-33

 

$40 USD

 

  

Line Infantry Marching #1

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-35

 

$40 USD

 

  

4 Line Infantry Marching Boxed Set #1

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-35N

 

$136 USD

 

  

British 35th Regiment Line Infantry Marching #2

Item# QB-36

 

 $40 USD

 

  

British 35th Regiment Line Infantry Marching Box Set #2

Item# QB-36N

 

 $136 USD

 

  

British 35th Regiment Line Infantry Marching #3

Item# QB-37

 

$40 USD

 

 

 

  

British 35th Regiment Line Infantry Marching #3 - Box Set

Item# QB-37N

 

 

$136 USD

 

  

British 35th Regiment Grenadier Marching

Item# QB-38

 

 

$42 USD

 

 

  

4 Grenadiers Marching Boxed Set #1

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-38N

 

 

$138 USD

 

  

Grenadier Marching #2

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-39

 

$42 USD

 

  

4 Grenadiers Marching Boxed Set #2

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-39N

 

$138 USD

 

  

Grenadier Marching #3

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-40

 

$42 USD

 

  

4 Grenadiers Marching Boxed Set #3

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-40N 

 

$138 USD

 

  

Fifer (RETIRED)

British 35th Regiment of Foot

Item# QB-41

 

$50 USD

 

  

Indian Attacking Line Infantry #1

Item# QB-44

 

 $80 USD

 

  

Indian Attacking Line Infantry #2

Item# QB-45

 

$80 USD

 

  

Indian with Scalp

Item# QB-46

 

$39 USD

 

  

British Artillery Crew

Item# QBA-01

 

$80 USD

 

The French  

 

Retreat of Montcalm (RETIRED)

Item# QF-01

  

$195 USD

 

  

 

 

La Sarre Marching (RETIRED)

Item# QF-05

 

$120 USD

 

 

 

   

La Sarre Marching with Pokalem

Item# QF-06

 

$120 USD

 

 

 

   

Regiment de Languedoc, Officer with Standard

Item# QF-22

 

 

 

 

$60 USD

 

 

 

 

Languedoc March

Item# QF-25

  

 

 

$60 USD

 

 

 

Temporarily Unavailable

 

Regiment de Languedoc Officer and Drummer

Item# QF-30

 

 

$79 USD

 

 

  

Regiment de Languedoc Officer

Item# QF-31

 

$40 USD

 

 

  

Regiment de Languedoc Drummer

Item# QF-32

 

 

 

$43 USD

 

 

  

Regiment de Languedoc Standard Bearer

Item# QF-33

 

$60 USD

 

   

Bearn Firing

Item# QF-35

 

$78 USD

 

 

Temporarily Unavailable

   

Bearn Firing Set

Item# QF-35N

 

 

$138 USD

 

 

Temporarily Unavailable

   

Bearn at the Ready

Item# QF-36

 

 

$40 USD

 

   

Bearn at the Ready Set

Item# QF-36N

 

 

$136 USD

 

   

Bearn Grenadiers Waiting in Reserve

Item# QF-38

 

 $78 USD

 

   

Bearn Grenadiers Waiting in Reserve Set #1 -  4 Figures

Item# QF-38N

 

 $138 USD

 

  

Bearn Grenadiers in Bearskins Waiting in Reserve

Item# QF-38B

 

 

  $79 USD

 

  

Bearn Grenadiers in Bearskins Waiting in Reserve Set #1 -  4 Figures

Item# QF-38BN

 

$139 USD

 

   

Bearn Line Infantry Loading #1

Item# QF-39

 

  $40 USD

 

 

   

Bearn Line Infantry Loading #1 -  Box Set

Item# QF-39N

 

 $136 USD

 

 

 

   

Bearn Line Infantry Loading #2

Item# QF-40

 

 

 $70 USD

 

   

Bearn Line Infantry Loading #2 - Box Set

Item# QF-40N

 

 $139 USD

 

 

French Marines in Justacorps Firing 1 (RETIRED)

Item# QFM-01

  

 

 

$87 USD

 


 

 

   

French Marines Firing 2 (RETIRED)

Item# QFM-02

 

$87 USD

 

 

 

French Marines in Justacorps Wearing Pokalem Firing 3 (2pcs) (RETIRED)

Item# QFM-03

 

 

 

$87 USD

 

 

 

 

  

French Marines in Campaign Dress Advancing (RETIRED)

Item# QFM-05

 

$87 USD

 

 

 
   

French Marines at the Ready (2pcs)

Item# QFM-06

 

$58 USD

 

 

French Marines in Campaign Dress Firing 2 (2pcs)

Item# QFM-08

 

 

$66 USD

 

 

 

French Artillery

 

French Artillery Crew, Firing (2 pcs)

Item# QFA-03

 

 

 

This French artillery set is also suitable to crew a few of the small guns on the Ticonderoga defences, as well as a firing crew for the larger QFGUN-01 set.

$76 USD

 

  

French 8-pdr Valliere Gun

Item# QFGUN-01

 

 

$39 USD

 

 

 

 

Temporarily Unavailable

 
  

Swedish 4lb Cannon

Item# QFGUN-02

 

 

$40 USD

 

 

  

Corps de Cavalerie (RETIRED)

Item# QFCAV-01

 

$69 USD

 

 

 

  

Fraser Command (RETIRED)

Item# QHL-01

 

 $80 USD

 

  

Fraser Light Infantry 2 (RETIRED)

Item# QHL-03

 

 $75 USD